This is the prayer process recommended by Eric Liddell in his book The Disciplines of the Christian Life.
In the beginning of the prayer period, be silent. This is where we should analyze our lives to see if there is anything that isn't pleasing to God, and repent of it immediately. This is required in order to pray with boldness.
Then bathe your thought in God's Word Prayer is not asking God for things like an eternal Santa Clause, it's reporting to duty. By immersing ourselves in God's Word our thoughts will become more like God's thoughts, and therefore our prayers will be in line with God's will.
Take a pen or pencil and write down what comes to you. Pore over God's Word. Imagine if you were given a meeting with someone like Bill Gates or Warren Buffett. Would you take notes so that you can remember their advice? Then it's common sense to take copious notes of the Word of the Living God. Liddell presented a great analogy of how someone going into the forest will scare the animals away. But if the individual sits down and patiently waits, the animals will come out. In the same way, many times God doesn't instantly speak to us through His Word, because he wants us to persevere through in order to earn the reward.
The outcome of the prayer time should be action God is a god of knowledge and action. If prayer doesn't lead us to action, we're doing it wrong.